Cambodian Kroeung Curry Paste For Amok

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The traditional Khmer dish, fish amok, is widely served in Cambodia. The first stage in making this dish is to make a kroeung, a kroeung, a curry paste. Curry pastes do vary in Cambodia, they can be red, green, or yellow, depending on the colour of the chillies and the amount of turmeric used.

Making Cambodian Kroeung
Making Cambodian kroeung from local ingredients in Cambodia on a Cambodian cooking course.

This kroeung recipe was given to me in Cambodia as the correct kroeung for fish amok. I trust that it is fully authentic as it was given to me by a Cambodian cookery instructor and he said this was his family’s traditional curry paste recipe for amok.

This is very easy to make at home, if you can access the correct fresh tropical ingredients. If not, you can actually buy a Cambodian curry paste or substitute a Thai curry paste for a similar result.

However, if you can’t access the fresh ingredients you’re very unlikely to be able to find fresh banana leaves to steam your amok!

cambodian food curry paste pestle mortar
Making a Cambodian curry paste using fresh ingredients and a pestle and mortar.

As we live in the tropics, in a climate very similar to that of Cambodia, all of these ingredients come fresh from our garden. It’s not difficult at all for us to make a fresh Cambodian kroeung for fish amok (amok trey).

Cambodian food is very similar to Thai food, or food in Laos, and the curry pastes and basic ingredients are broadly identical. However, Cambodian amok is unique to Cambodia. It’s a difficult dish to make as you need to master fording banana leaves in which to steam the amok.

Cambodian curry paste blender
Making a Cambodian curry paste in a blender. This is a Vitamix. Add a little water for processing but don’t fully process the paste until it’s a liquid, use a pulse setting and don’t take the Vitamix to level 10, keep a little texture.

Amok is traditionally made with fish, but we have also seen chicken, prawn (shrimp) and vegetarian versions with tofu. Our Cambodian recipe book states that amok can also be made with pork and beef. The fish used in Cambodia was snakehead fish, but you could use any white fish.

Amok has to be steamed, that is what makes amok unique.

Ingredients for Kroeung

Our Cambodian kreung uses all fresh ingredients

  • lemongrass, salt, kaffir lime leaves, turmeric, ginger, garlic, red and green chillies.

Cambodian Kroeung Curry Paste for Amok

Cambodian kroeung curry paste
Prep Time 10 minutes
Cook Time 10 minutes
Total Time 20 minutes


  • 20g lemongrass stalks, cleaned and chopped
  • 2 thin slices of ginger
  • 2 thin slices of fresh turmeric
  • 2 kaffir lime leaves
  • 7 cloves of peeled garlic
  • 3 red chillies seeds removed
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 2 green chillies seeds removed


  1. place all fresh ingredients in a pestle and mortar and grind to a coarse paste.
  2. Alternatively, place all ingredients in a blender or liquidiser, add enough liquid (water ) to cover the blades, blend until the ingredients are coarsely blended. If using a good blender, don't blend until the mixture is fully a liquid.
  3. Cook the curry paste in coconut milk or oil before adding other ingredients.

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Chef is James Long, a professional chef, world traveler and endurance athlete. He has spent almost a decade traveling and working internationaly.

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